Newspaper Archive of
The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
February 1, 1962     The Perkins Journal
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February 1, 1962

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PAGE 2 THE PERKINS JOURNAL, PERKINS, OKLAHOMA THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1962 I [] County Agent's Notes By Lester Smith Small Grain Fertilization The time is approeching ~or top dressing wheat with nitrogen, For all practical purposes top dressing should be done in February and early March depending on when you can get on to the field. Research has shown that the addition of 40 pounds of actual nitrogen will increase yields from 8 to 20 bushels per acre or for each ton of nitrogen fertilizer ap- pied your wheat yields will in- crease enough to give you an add- itional $300 gross income. The increased yield is only one of the important factors for top dressing wheat this year. The add- ition of nitrogen will increase the protein content of the wheat which will give you a more des- irable sedimentation test on your wheat. As you know, wheat will be purchased this year on the basis of a sedimentation test. The big question of farmers ls how much nitrogen should be us- ed on wheat. One governing factor is how much phosphorus did you use at seeding time. The higher rate of phosphorus used the high- er you can go on nitrogen if you have sufficient moisture in the soil. For all practical purposes with- out knowing the history on each field we would recommend that farmers apply 30 to 50 lbs of actual nitrogen per acre on their wheat, This will raise your pro- tein content from 1 2 to 1 114 per cent. Research has shown that the addition of 100 lbs. of nitrogen in- creased protein content of wheat by four cent. Brucellosis Eradication The Payne County Brucellosis testing program is progessing a- long very well. Cattlemen and farmers who have not tested should contact their local veter- inarians as soon as possible. The U.S.D.A. officials report that Bru- cellosis is one of the most costly diseases of man and livestock and can be eradicated from the United State by 1975. Br,lcellnsis en~t~ ~,~ livestock industry about $25 million a year compared to $100 million in 1954 when the intensified drive against the disease got underway. U.S.D.A. officials believe that by 1965 the entire country should qualify as a modified-certified brucellosis area. By !972 the entire country :~hould be completely free of bo- ~vine brucellosis. It is estimated that it w,ould require an addition- By LADORA CHESBRO Payne County Home DemonStration Agent NON-FAT DRY MILK ADDS FOOD VALUE tIave you tried using non-fat milk in cooking yet? It's especial- ly 5ood if your supply of fresh milk is limited. Nutrit~onists recommend that everyone get some milk every day. Adults need at least a pint and children need at least a quart, You can put this milk into many of. the foods you cook. Non-fat dry,ntUk may be added to recipes to "step up" the amount of milk or itmay be added to foods that usually include very little or no Here are two ::eei';::~s that show how to use non-fat dry milk these two ways. The first, for chocolate uudding mix. includes dry milk to "step up" the amount of milk in pudding. The second, for apple crumble, includes dry milk in a dish that usually has no milk. Chocolate Pudding Mix 1 113 cups sifted flour 2 cups non-fat dry milk 2 cups cocoa 2 teaspoons salt 2 cups sugar Mix all ingredients thoroughly and sift three times. Put into glass or metal containers, close tightIy and store on your pantry shelf. For caramel pudding, omit the cocoa and use brown sugar m- stead of white. You can use this mix for pud- ding or sauce. For puddings, add 1% cups water or fluid milk to I cup mix. Cook over b~i,m, wa~- er, stirring constantly, 15 mizmtes or until thickened. Add 1 berten shell egg and cool< a little longer. Add 1 tablespoon fat and ~ teaspoon vanilla after the pudding is cooked. Makes Z small servings. For sauce, add 2 cups water and ~,~ cup sugar to 1 cup mix. Cook over boiling water, stirring con- stantly, for 15 minutes. Add 2 tablespoons fat and ~.5 teasponn vanilla after the sauce is cooked. Makes about 2 cups. Apple Crumble 1 2 cups sifted flour 3:~ cup non-fat dry milk 113 cup butter or margarine 3 tablespoons sugar li4 teaspoon nutmeg 114 teaspoon salt I teaspoon cinnamon if desired 3 ~ups sliced apples Mix flour non-fat dry milk, sugar, nutmeg, salt and cinnamon. Cut butter in with a pastry blend- er or two knives until mixture Is crumbly. Arrange apples in a shallow, well-greased baking dish. If app- les are very sour. sprinkle with sugar, Sprinkle with flour mix- ture and cover. Bake in a moderate oven (350 degrFes F.) about 45 minutes or until apples are tender. Remove cover and bake 10 minutes longer or until crumbs are brown. Makes six s ervings. Canned fruits such as peaches, apples or cherries may be used in this "crumble." Drain off the sy- rup, cover the fruit with crumb topping a~I bake uncovered in 350 degrees. F. oven until topping is brown. al three years to eliminate bru- cellosis in species other than cat- tie. Thus, eradication would be completed by 1975. This means that if such goals are achieved. the restrictions now placed on in- trastate shipments of livestock be- cause of bangs disease would not be needed. Calfh~od vaccination and blood testing of cattle would no longer be required. Only programs of screening would be needed such as the milk ring test and the market cattle testing or "backtagging" programs. Also. a strict import regulation would be needed to prevent reinfestation from live- stock imports. By July, 1962 88 per cent of the nation's counties will be taking a part in the cattle brucellosis program. About 75 per cent of these will become modif- ied-certified areas which means that the infection has been reduc- ed to not more than 1 per cent of all cattle and no more than 5 per cent of all herds. About 13 112 million cattle in 1 113 million herds were tested for brucellosis. Infection was found in 1.04 per cent of the animals and 4.4 per cent of the herds. Comparable rates during the fis- cal year ending June 30, 1960, were 1.19 per cent amd 5.1 per cent. These figures are from U.S. D.A. sources, The joint programs between federal, state, and coun- ty efforts have succeeded in cut- ting the nation-wide infection in cattle 61 per cent 'since 1954. Tree Seedlings Arriving For County Farm Plantings Tree seedlings for planting on Payne county farms are being delivered now. They are going to farmers who ordered seedlings for farmstead windbreaks and post lots. The seedlings may be used for several different kinds of plantings on farms. But they can- not be used for oramental or land- scape plantir~g. The seedlings were ordered ear- lier from the state forestry divis- ion nursery. Deliveries are made as near the date requested as poss- ible, except during severe weath- er. No. deliveries are made on weekends. The nursery has a good supply,. of seedlings this year. Farmers may order all they need at a very small cost. It'll take a little work to get them planted but the effort is worth getting to watch the tiny seedlings develop into timber- producing trees. Order forms and planning and planting instructions are available in your county a- gent's office. Annual Visit of Cattle Lice in in Payne County Now Well. cattle lice are making their annual appearance in Payne County now. They seem to come with the first frost in December and leave with the warm rains in May. But in the meantime they can cause some damage in local cattle herds. The first symptoms are when cattle show excessive scrat- ching or rubbing. This is followed by loss of hair, usually on the neck and shoulders. Rubbing posts are probably the least expensive method of control. You can treat the post with 113 gallon of Toxaphe'ne (6 pounds per gallon) mixed with 4 gallons of new. low grade oil. The lice also may be controlled by spray- ing with Toxaphene, Korlan, Mal- athion or Lindane. Be sure to con- sult the container for directions on use. III II I Would you like to trade a grass farm for a bus- iness bringing in approx. $150.00 a month? If you're interested, contact HARLAND WELLS, WelLs Real Estate Agency Stiilwater, OklaTM. 810~ S. Main Phone FR 2.5655 IT'S AUTOMATIC... ON I AT DUSK OFF AT DAWN OG&E OFFERS YOU A 7000 lumen mercury vapor lamp -- furnishing effective ~light up to 150 feet away. Complete installation of light fixture and pole at a location of your choice. All electric power used during operation of the light. All maintenance and bulb re- placement. No equipment investment or . down payment required. A "Brite-Lite" adds only $4.00 monthly to your regular electric bill. ONLY $400 PER. MONTH INCLUDED ON YOUR ELECTRIC BILL Reddy's Brite-Lite will provide a } complete outdoor lighting system for your business. Use several units if ou need lighting for large areas. ach fixture and pole installation adds only $4.00 per month to your electric bill. Automatic Nighttime Lighting For Only Pennies a Day. ~" ... :: '. . . ": "i :.'. "' " .'.