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The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
April 5, 2012     The Perkins Journal
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April 5, 2012

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ttistory THE PERKINS JOURNAL, Thursday, April 5, 2012 - A5 Moments fl i time THE H00rORY On April 13, 1742, George Friedrich Handel's "Mes- sial]" premieres in Dublin. Although singing the ora- torio has become a Christ- mas tradition the Messiah received its world premiere during the Christian season of Lent. Handel composed the score for Messiah in just 24 days. On April 14, 1818, Noah Webster, a Yale-educated lawyer with an avid interest in language and education, publishes his American Dictionary of the English Language. The dictionary, which took him more than two decades to complete, introduced more than 10,000 "Americanisms." Block and Tackle Perkins settlers built their homesteads through the application of human and animal muscle. Block and tackle systems greatly increased the #---., power these muscles could bring to bear in moving and lifting heavy objects. A block is a case into which one or more pulley wheels or sheaves are ! fastened. Blocks are designated as single, double or triple depending upon the number of sheaves in each block. Essentially, block and tackle systems allow a large force to be applied over a short distance by applying a smaller force over a longer distance. A system / II with a mechanical advantage of four would lift one hundred pounds with only twenty-five pounds of tension on the hauling line, but the line would have to be pulled four feet to lift the load one foot. Blocks having more sheaves produced greater mechanical advantage, but required the hauling line to be pulled further to achieve it. Single and If a load needed to be pulled Double Blocks horizontally, the mechanical advantage could-be increased if the tackle was "rove to Rope-locking Block advantage." This meant arranging the blocks so that the hauling line was pulled in the same direction that the load was to be moved. There were situations where "roving to disadvantage" might be desirable. One of these was in lifting from a fLxed point overhead where the weight of the individual doing the pulling partially offset the weight of the load. The Farm Tool and Equipment Collection at the Oklahoma Territorial Plaza is in need of matched sets of wooden blocks of any sheave count. The original rope does not have to be present, ff you can help in this matter or if you need further information, please call Bob or Norma Constien at 405 547-5057. On April 12, 1861, the Civil War begins when Confederate shore batter- ies under General P.G.T. Beauregard open fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina's Charles- ton Bay. During the next 34 hours, 50 Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4.000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort. On April 10, !906, O. Henry's second short- story collection, "The Four Million," is pub- lished. O. Henry was the pen name adopted by William Sydney Porter. Porter began writing in the late 1880s but didn't apply himself seriously until 1898, when he was jailed for embezzling from a bank in Austin, Texas. On April 15, 1924, Rand McNally releases its first comprehensive road atlas. The first version was called the Rand McNally Auto Chum. Today Rand McNally is the world's largest maker of atlases in print and electronic media. On April 11, 1945, the American Third Army liberates the Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar. Germany. Buch- enwald will be judged second" only to Auschwitz in the horrors it imposed on its prisoners. Among those saved by the Amer- icans was Elie Wiesel, who would go on to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986. On April 9. 1969, the Chicago Eight, indicted on federal charges of con- spiracy to cross state lines with intent to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic convention in Chicago, plead not guilty. The trial turned into a circus as the defendants and their attorneys used the court as a platform to attack President Richard Nixon, the Vietnam War, racism and oppression. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc. 4 / # By Charles Wall I will share some items of information about feed grinders and hammer mills. One hundred years ago most farmers didn't own an engine of tractor to provide power for a feed grinder, but apparently they used grinders that were oper- ated by hand. I located sale bills for two auctions that took place on the farm by the river the Wall family has now. Bill McKinley's sale was November 25, 1912. Listed with his equipment was a Marseilles feed grinder. H. Bohn sold out Janu- ary 27, 1920. He also had a feed grinder (This was at the time the Wall family bought the farm and moved there). Neither Mr. McKinley nor Mr. Bohn listed an engine on their sale bill so I am going to assume their feed grinders were horse powered. During the 1930's, farm- ers increasingly began to own tractors. The tractors had belt pulleys that could transmit power with a long flat endless belt. This made it easier to run feed grinders as well as thresh- ing machines, hay presses, ensilage choppers, water well pumps, and other machines. Last week I wrote about the hammer mill we had. This mill was typical of the feed grinders of the 1940's and 1950's. Tractors with belt pulleys were used to power these machines. In the late 1950's. some other improvements began to be made. The hammer mill was put on a two-wheel trailer which was hitched to a tractor and run with the tractor power-take-off. The machine also had a built in feed mixer. There was another conveyor where a person could put in pro- tein supplements, salt, and mineral. This would then be mixed with the ground grain. This machine was called a grinder-mixer. We have and use one of these machines. Now I will tell you about another grinder-mixer. Parker Norton was an ag teacher at Stillwater High School. From that position he took on the Ford tractor dealership at Stillwater. To diversify his business, he bought a grinder-mixer that was mounted on a truck. It even had a tank of heated molasses that could be mixed into the feed. Molasses is used in livestock feed to make it more palatable. The machine had a con- veyor into which the opera- tor could scoop the grain. There was another place to pour in the protein supple- ment and the mineral. It had an unloading auger to discharge the finished feed into a bin. Parker had his shop fore- man, Jay Vaughn, to run the mill. Jay had a scheduled route and would go from farm to farm to grind and mix feed for people. Several dairies in our area were on the route. Other livestock operations were also on the route. For our dairy we sched- uled the grinding for every two weeks. Our day was on Friday. We wOuld have the ear corn ready, either in a trailer or in a bin. Jay would scoop in into the conveyor and grind it up. He had a scoop shovel with a long handle. We would have him grind two batches. We would have him put in two 50-pound bags of cottonseed meal and one bag of mineral- ized salt in each batch. We had molasses added tO each batch. When Parker Norton retired from the Ford Trac=" tor dealership, he sold the grinder mixer unit to Jay  Vaughn. Then after a while Jay sold it to his son-in-law Jerry Baker who ran it quite a while. When other methods of feed preparation came into use, this business was discontinued, but it was a good beneficial service while itoperated. Here is One Warm Member Marseilles Feed Grinders tlERE IS A ON MAKER *lid lr, FttG  WIND .lH& | ii I UWI00NI Roger Stevens Harris 66 Hattie's Main Place 307t/2 N. Main St., Perkins y Haflie Prather Custom Sewing & Alterations Dry Cleaning/Laundry Mon.-Fri. t0 a.m.-6 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m.-1 p.m. (4t)5) 547-5429 LEGAL NOTICE Legal notice published in The Perkins JournalApr. 5 and Apr. 12, 2012 NOTICE OF SALE Post Oak Investments, LLC, DBA First Class Self Storage, will sell at . pubic auction the contents of unit # 430 at its Perkins, Oklahoma loca- tion to satisfy its lien against the property stored by Sean Adkins, 2420 E 12th Ave., Stillwater, Ok. The auction will be held at 3:00 p.m. on Saturday Apd121, 2012 at the following location: First Class Self Storage 417 W. Freeman Perkins, Oklahoma Intentlor00. eternal ill Il:lllilllll iIlIlll ii:ililiiil[titllllllIIl Ir;lllltlillii l|iil!lil I ll,li]iiil 7I]i]Ilii]:l|iFHIi I:f.I.4]I;[T| r H I;L:;!' i;i; flail-IlL ;,Ji[R?.,liliiii,l?illlIIIlll