Newspaper Archive of
The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
June 10, 2010     The Perkins Journal
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June 10, 2010

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History THE PERKINS JOURNAL, Thursday, June 10, 2010 - A5 By Charles Wall Working a field On farms where crops are raised, summer is prime time for working in the fields. Whether the work is tillage, planting, or harvesting, we could say there are two steps in doing field work. First step: get started. Second step: Get finished. I will make a few obser- vations about the pattern or the approach in work- ing a field - should it be round and round the field, back and forth across the field, or work with the contour or terraces of the field. Of course, such decisions depend upon what machines are used, the shape of the field, the slope of the ground, and the personal choices of the operator. For fields with a mod- erate slope, the county agents, ag teachers, and soil conservation persons have taught us the past 90 years that tillage should be done on the contour and parallel with the tea;- races. Sometimes they taught with evangelistic zeal. Contour tillage helps prevent excessive water erosion. And most farmers have tilled on the contour when they could. It helps the environment. On fields that are nearly level, round and round or back and forth patterns can be used. In the Perkins area, the steeper slopes have been planted back to permanent grass and no longer tilled. Seventy years ago most harvesting machines were pull-type, either by horses or by tractors. Most of the time, the field was started by going around the outer edge of the field and then continuing to go around and around the field. There would be a back- swath where the crop was knocked down by the horses or tractor on the first round. The back- swath could be done after the first few rounds. When we ran a grain binder in 1942, the piles of bundles were neces- sarily left in the back- swath, so before we cut the backswath, we had to move the bundle piles out of the way by hand. At harvest time, every gen- eration of farmers has been "up-tight" and in a hurry, and at the same time the weather is hot, but we survived. The small, pull-type combines we used years ago had grain hoppers that only held 15 to 20 bushels. If the field was large, like 40 acres, and the wheat crop was good, the grain hopper might be filled before the first round were completed. If the ground were not too muddy, the grain truck would have to follow the combine on the first round to unload the hopper when it filled. If the ground were too muddy for the truck, we would pull the combine back to the field entrance to unload. Now in more recent years, combines and some other harvesting machines are self-propelled. Fields can be begun and opened up with no backswath or down rows. In farming communi- ties, the different farmers discuss various operations and often stimulate each other to find new and more efficient ways of doing the work. This was true in the Perkins area. On a large field that was nearly level, farmers would sometimes run the moldboard plow round and round the field. Tony and Jim Wells, northeast of Perkins, rigged up a driverless tractor to do moldboard plowing. It was in 8N Ford trac- tor and used the plow furrow from the previous round as a guide. They were ahead of their time. Now some tractors are equipped with steering assist using remote con- trois, electronic equip- ment and global position- ing systems. In planting row crops, such as cotton or corn, most farmers planted the rows back and forth or on the contour. But Palmer Sadler, southwest of Perkins, on nearly level fields, would plant row crops around and around the field. That way, in planting, cultivating, and harvesting, he wouldn't have to turn at the end of each row, but would just go around and around the field until it was fin- ished. io.ments m time TI I-IlSrOR  Robert Wall on Allis combine. On June 15, 1877, Henry Ossian Flipper, born a slave in Thom- asville, Ga., in 1856, is the first black cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point. Flipper was appointed a second lieutenant in the all-black 10th Cavalry at Fort Sill in the Indian Territory. On June 19, 1885, the Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor as a symbol of France-Ameri- can friendship. Nine years late in arriving, the 300- foot statue was a gift from the people of France as a celebration of the Decla- ration of Independence centenary in 1876. On June 14, 1909, folksinger and Academy Award-winning actor Burl Ives is born near Hunt City; Ill. Ives is perhaps best known for his voiceover work as the jovial Sam the Snowman in the animated Christmas special "Rudolph the Red- Nosed Reindeer," which included the song "A Holly Jolly Christmas." Recycle. Share your Journal with a friend. On June 18, 1923, the first Checker Cab rolls off the line at the Checker Cab Manufacturing Company in Kalamazoo, Mich. The company then employed some 700 people. The last Checker Cab rolled off the line in Kalamazoo in 1982. On June 20, 1941, after a long and bitter struggle on the part of Henry Ford against cooperation with organized labor unions, Ford Motor Company signs its first contract with the United Automo- bile Workers of America and Congress of Industrial Organizations (UAW- fie). On June 16, 1965, Bob Dylan records "Like a Rolling Stone." The sales staff at Columbia Records did not like the song due to its length, 6 minutes 34 seconds. Two radio DJs heard a bootlegged song and demanded copies. Sales got its last dig in by chopping "Like a Rolling Stone" in half and putting it on separate sides of 45s, but a re-spliced full ver- sion was what radio sta- tions played. On June 17, 1972, five men are arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. Senate investigations eventually revealed that President Richard Nixon had been personally involved in the subsequent cover-up of the break-in. (c) 2010 King Features Synd., Inc. "niis or.= nmoBY Double-Wheel Garden. / Cu!tlvatr// //./ These push used in farm and 4" market gardens to Iron Age and Planet Jr were the most popular brands. The cultivators could be equipped with a wide variety of sweeps and attachments for the eaxe of almost any horticultural crop. These cultivators were ruggt and effective, and they ate still in high demand even though their design is over 100 years old. A double-wheel cultivator would be a welcome addition to the Farm Tool and Equipment Collection at the Oklahoma Territorial Plaza If you can help in this matter, or if you need further information, please call Bob or Norma Constien at 405 547-5057. 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