Newspaper Archive of
The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
June 30, 2011     The Perkins Journal
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June 30, 2011

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- ......... :.:-.;.._&apos;:.i.L!== :._ti: .=. : ............ L =:L:, .1. ,.d;,.l,  , .LLI Ji'.! : l=lli=l]!JT I :IY_ 1111' ' !: 11!! JItIH It:L| I 3JJalE.L]!l.BlJlllMkLLillll];!l!llll ." History THE PERKINS JOURNAL, Thursday, June 30, 2011 - AS ......... 0 ents q " THE HISTORY CHANNEL By Charles Wall On July 8, 1776, a 2,000- pound copper-and-tin bell now known as the "Lib- erty Bell" rings out from the tower of the Pennsyl- vania State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, summoning citizens to the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence. As the British advanced toward Philadelphia in the fall of 1777, the bell was removed from the city and hidden in Allentown to save it from being melted down by the British and used to make cannons. On July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the adop- tion of the Declaration of Independence, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, the second and third presidents of the United States, respec- tively, die. Both men had been central in the drafting of the historic document. On July 5, 1865, in London, revivalist preacher William Booth and his wife Cath- erine establish the Christian Mission, later known as the Salvation Army, to wage war against the evils of poverty and religious indif- ference. On July 7, 1930, construc- tion of the Hoover Dam begins. Over the next five years, a total of 21,000 men would produce what would be the largest dam of its time. Today, the Hoover Dam generates enough energy each year to serve more than a mil- lion people. On July 9, 1947, in a cer- emony held at the Pentagon in Arlington, Va., Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower appoints Florence Blanch- field to be a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army, making her the first woman in U.S. history to hold permanent military rank. Blanchfield had served as superintendent of the Army Nurse Cows during World War II. On July 6, 1957, Liverpool teenagers John Lennon and Paul McCartney meet for the first time. Lennon was a member of the Quarry Men, scheduled to play at a public event. Two weeks later, Lennon invited McCartney to join the Quarry Men. On July 10; 1962, the United States Patent Office issues Swedish engineer Nils Bohlin a patent for his three-point automobile safety belt. The traditional two-point belt had been known to cause severe internal abdominal injuries in the event of a high-speed crash. (c) 2011 King Features Synd., Inc. Cooling Equipment III Using Excavations for Cooling The subsoil temperature in the Perkins area is about sixty degrees year-round at a depth of eight feet. The temperature at this depth is governed by the local average yearly air temperature which is also sixty degrees. This stable cool temperature and its advantage for food preservation motivated the homesteaders to construct underground cellars of various types. The complete destruction of Cimarron City six miles west of Perkins by a tornado in 1893 also demonstrated the value of cellars as places of refuge. As a tribute to the settlers' efforts, many B Cellar cellars in this area (including a few cut into solid sandstone) survive long after the other buildings of the homestead have Vanished. If the homesteader's house had a basement, a food elevator could be installed to move food between the kitchen and the basement. These elevators ranged from simple boxes to manufactured units with glass doors. A food elevator allowed perishable foodstuffs to be ..... lowered into the cooler air of the basement when they were not needed in the kitchen. It also allowed the kitchen to be easily resupplied from food : stocks (especially home- canned produce) stored in the basement. Some builders even constructed a shaft beneath the basement floor where the food elevator could be parked in close contact with the cool subsoil. If you own a cellar in the Perkins community dating from Territorial days and you would allow it to be photographed for the Farm Tool and Equipment Collection at the Oklahoma Territorial Plaza, please call Bob or Norma Constien at 405 547- 5057. I will relate some things I remember about my grandparents Fiala home in the 1940's at Goodnight, southwest of Perkins. As was true in many farm homes, the back porch was used as an entry way, and most people parked their cars on that side of the house. When it was time for people to leave, every one would go out at the back side of the house. That is where pho- tographs were taken. During World War II, two of my Fiala aunts worked as secretaries for Phillips Petroleum Com- pany in Bartlesville, and another aunt worked in Tulsa. When they came to visit their parents at Goodnight on a weekend or holiday, they rode the M. K. and O. Bus. Some- one in the family would pick them up at the Nine Mile Corner where high- ways 33 and 177 meet. This was a bus stop where northbound buses would meet and change passengers with west- bound and eastbound buses. Buses were often crowded. Sometimes on Sunday afternoon my mother would tgke my aunts to the Nine Mile Corner to catch the bus to Tulsa. My sister and I woul d go with them to the bus stop. We had a 1938 Chevrolet car. Another way of travel- ing was hitchhiking. A lot of service men hitch- hiked back then, and the Nine Mile Corner was a good place to catch a ride. Hitchhiking was encour- aged, like carpooling is now. It was a way to save fuel and money. ! don't recommend hitchhikirtg in 2011. Carpooling is o.k. Before the coming of electrical service in 1943, I remember some of my uncles were in the Fiala kitchen sitting around a table listening to a bat- tery operated radio. They were listening to a World Series baseball game. The radio was hooked up to an outside antenna. In those days base- ball was popular. Some towns and neighborhoods had adult baseball teams that played each other. The teams discontinued when many of the young men went to the army for World War II. In anticipation of the coming of rural electric- ity, my grandfather and sons-in-law built a bath- room on the house. In 1943, electricity did come so the Fiala house could have running water, and the bathroom could be in operation. The water well was 80 feet deep. Previously the well had only a hand pump, but electricity made an electric pump possible. There was also a water well by the barn, and it had a windmill pump to provide water for work- horses, cattle, and hogs. There was a garage where Grandpa parked his 1938 Buick. The Fialas had a brooder house for baby chicks and a laying hen house. They sold eggs and cream. They always had a big garden, and they had a trumpet vine which bloomed in the summer. There was a small build- ing, 10 ft. x 12 ft., just south of the house. At various times it was used as a smoke house, laundry wash house, and milk house for separating cream. When Grandma Fiala helped with the chores, she wore men's work shoes..She used a two wheel cart to bring the cans of whole milk from the barn to the milk house I and then, after separating, to take the skim mill< back to the barn to feed the hogs. In the mid- 1940's the  Fialas got a kerosene cook stove to replace the wood- burning kitchefi  stove. Then around 1949', the family laid a one incE natural gas line from the house to Goodnight (ff distance of one-half mile)' where it was tapped into and metered from a main- gas line that ran from Goodnight to Perkins. Pact Gas Company oper- ated the main line. Les Huls was the Perkins manager. After Galen Holsinger was discharged from the army and started* working for Payne County Bank, Galen helped with financial records and collections for Pact .Gas Company. West side of Fiala house in 1949 photo with Fiala sisters and Grandma Fiala The Small child is my sister Donna Hattie's Main Place 30700/,, N. Main St., Perkins Custom Sewing & Alterations Dry Cleaning/Laundry Mon.-Fri, 10 a.m.-6 p.m. Saurday 10 a.mA p.m. (405) 547-5429 Don Wooldridge, Agent N 505 E. Hwy. 33 Per00:ins 0 (405) 547-5126 [ ]IV [] t/qlil]] 3311![1ItlI llIIIl00[ilfl,J, tT'IF ii[|L]] 00i'00ilRI/ iili