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The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
July 8, 2010     The Perkins Journal
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July 8, 2010

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History THE PERKINS JOURNAL, Thursday, July 8, 2010 - A5 By LeeAnn Bartoi ! I am an old gardening ookaphile. That is not to ay I am old, but that I am rawn to older gardening ooks. Garage sales, flea larkets or used bookstores II my quest for gardening ooks long out of print. elieve me; I purchase my hare of newly published ooks as well,/f they meet y criteria for informa- on. So many current leases seem to brush the arface of where, when or ow-to without any real abstance. That said, I picked up a 970 copy of The Encyclo- edia of Organic Gardening a recent sale. I bought it ith the intention of giving to a friend for I thought I ready owned a copy. As I gan browsing it at home, realized it was a different ok. It was in encyclope- c format, informative, but )t what I was looking to tare with Cindy. As I flipped through the lges I found an entry for cnamite. I was instantly nused, who would use cnamite to garden organi- dly? Times and methods ave certainly changed! hough penned with all ',riousness, I still find it ther comical and would e to share how families ld farmers used dynamite the garden. "Dynamite is dangerous ]t...if simple precautions e followed becomes a safe ld reliable tool." Think of e settling of the old west, any men did learn to ;e dynamite around the )mestead. Ranchers went  farther than the general re to purchase what they Ieded. The book's entry ints out the fact that there are different types of dyna- mite, some that explode with the slightest shock and others that take an extended detonation• (This was news to me; I always thought the blast depended on the quantity•) There is a list of "farm chores it (dynamite) does best". Topping the list is the chore of breaking through hardpan and "loosening the soil for tree planting"• Digging drainage ditches, splitting stumps, boulders or logs and making postholes are included. I think back to the early 1980's in rocky, rural, Northern California and thank God my then hus- band did not have access to dynamite! We used mattocks, picks, post-hole diggers and chain saws to clear the land, create drain- age and put in fence posts. Admittedly, Larry would have loved the adventure of dynamite, but retriev- ing vehicles that ended up stuck in the most precarious positions was about all the excitement I could take. Rodale's Encyclopedia does disclose dynamite in the garden will kill the earthworms, but with the end result of aerating the soil, will also create prime worm habitat 10' deep for them to repopulate. "It is true that building up the surface health of the soil by mulching and using compost will gradually loosen a hard- pan below. But waiting for that to happen will occupy several years at least." I guess I (and other organic gardeners) have reverted to the slow and steady meth- ods of compost. The page and a half entry cautions not to blast near buildings and stipulates not to blast inside the city or town limits. Specifics are given that a "test" charge should be detonated. The dynamite needs to be placed in, not above or below, the hardpan; so a hole must be created with a digging bar to begin. After the "test" the organic gardener is then to "excavate the blasted earth to determine just what effect you are achieving." Sounds like a lot of dirt moving to me. "If unsure of your DIY abilities, hire someone with experience.•.", how funny! Have you ever know a DIY-er who was not over confident of their abilities? The book declares 30-40 charges are necessary for a "large garden•" Who, even in 1970 would have everyday experience detonating dynamite? One could place an ad, "Wanted, experienced person to come blow up my garden." In closing the entry, Rodale affirms, subsoilers with a chisel blade, pulled by a tractor have taken the place of dynamite in correct- ing hardpan. Though faster and cheaper, "it is doubtful whether mechanical sub- soilers can do as shattering a job as dynamite. Futher- more, most gardeners don't have access to mechanical subsoilers." (And we do dynamite?) Yes times have changed, for better or for worse. Farmers and homesteaders of the 1930's and 1940's would probably think us silly for going back to mulch and compost. But that was before men, women and children went postal on a regular basis• Simpler times invited occasional explosions; explosive times pursue simpler methods. I love old books; ones where I can turn the pages not scroll the screen• 00,io.ments m tm00e • On July 15, 1606, the :eat Dutch master Rem- • andt van Rijn is born in ziden. Rembrandt com- eted more than 600 paint- gs, many of them portraits • self-portraits. By the age 22, he was accomplished ough to take on his own ]dents. On July 12,1862, Presi- nt Abraham Lincoln signs to law a measure calling ir the awarding of a U.S. Irmy Medal of Honor. The [st U.S. Army soldiers to [ceive the honor were six embers of a Union raid- g party who in penetrated :ep into Tennessee and eorgia to destroy bridges d railroad tracks. On July 14, 1881, Sher- Pat Garrett kills Henry cCarty, known as Billy e Kid. Garrett had been tcking the Kid for three onths after the gunslinger ld escaped from prison fly days before his sched- uled execution. At the trial, the judge had sentenced Billy the Kid to hang until "you are dead, dead, dead." Billy reportedly responded, "And you can go to hell, hell, hell." • On July 17, 1938, glory-seeking flier Doug- las Corrigan takes off from New York headed for Cali- fornia. Twenty-eight hours later, Corrigan landed his plane in Dublin, Ireland and exclaimed, "Just got in from New York. Where am I?" By the time "Wrong Way" Corrigan and his crated plane returned to New York by ship, he was a national celebrity• • • On July 18,1940, Frank- lin Delano Roosevelt, who first took office in 1933 as America's 32nd presi- dent, is nominated for an unprecedented third term. Roosevelt would eventu- ally be elected to a record four terms, the only U.S. president to serve more than two terms. • On July 16, 1967, actor and comedian Will Ferrell is born in Irvine, Calif. After rising to fame on TV's "Saturday Night Live," Ferrell starred in a string of big-screen comedies, including "Anchorman," "Old School" and "Talla- dega Nights." • On July 13, 1990, the romantic-thriller "Ghost," starring Demi Moore, Pat- rick Swayze and Whoopi Goldberg, opens in theaters across the United States. The film, about a woman who communicates with her murdered husband through a psychic, received multiple Academy Award nominations• (c) 2010 King Features Synd., Inc. Don't get stressed. EADLINES Advertising'. 1 p.m. Monday News / Stories: 5 p.m. Monday By Charles Wall Virginia trip In 1955, I was in the U. S. Naval Reserve. Those of us in the Reserve would attend weekly drill each Monday night at the training center in Stillwater. Then we would also have a two- week annual training each year. I was also in college at Oklahoma A. and M. at the time. In August, 1955, my two- week annual training was at Norfolk, Virginia Naval Station. On the weekend, I had Saturday and Sunday off so I had the opportunity to visit some historical sites and museums. I visited Williamsburg, which is a restored colo- nial city. It was restored by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. to show how cities and life was between 1633 and 1779. The guides and atten- dants there were dressed in the clothing of that time period• Then I traveled to Rich- mond by bus. Richmond is the capital of the Com- monwealth of Virginia and served as capital of the confederacy during the War Between the States, Many of the historical sites were in walking distance of each other. I obtained a bro- chure that told the location of interesting places. The Old Stone House, built in 1686, was used as a museum devoted to the memory of Edgar Allan Poe. The homes of Jef- ferson Davis and Robert E. Lee were preserved. A suit of clothes belonging to Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, was on display• Thomas Jefferson helped design the state capitol building. The Confederate Museum had many relics of the Civil War years. It had guns, swords, cannons, and other weapons. Both the Union and Confederacy each had a submarine, and the Con- federate submarine was one display. The different coins and currency of the Confed- eracy were on display• Another museum had photographs and paintings of Confederate leaders and of famous battles. On Sunday morning, I attended services at St. John's Episcopal Church. This was the place where Patrick Henry gave his famous speech, which ended with the words, "give me liberty or give me death!" This was in 1775. In earlier years, church buildings were often used for community and gov- ernment meetings because there were no other build- ings available• The place where Patrick Henry stood was marked. Each pew of the church building had a little door on each end, and a person would open the door to get in. I arrived early before ser- vices at St. John's Church. The sexton (who served as bell-finger and janitor) welcomed me and showed me around. He told me not to go up onto the chancel or platform at the front of the sanctuary• Only the pastor or other authorized persons were to go there, even when services were not in progress• It was enjoyable and educational to visit Rich- mond, Virginia. Not only did I learn a lot from the Naval Reserve school, but I learned a lot about our country's history when I visited Richmond• I AMERICAN FlumRs & RANCIIU WIIW. IImM(¢! CWRUff" PERKINS INSURANCE AGENCY, INC, r MARY A. MORRIS, AGENT JOSHUA E. MORRIS, AGENT 121 N. Main • p.o. Box 136 Perkins, OK 74059 2 .......... P.O. Box842 4i5[]Nct?r60 € ,,07,-08421 Steak Mashed eem, & , P t ..... Come in for Hometown Service Friendly & Familiar Faces You Know East Hwy. 33" Perkins 547-2499