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The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
August 13, 1936     The Perkins Journal
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August 13, 1936

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THB PERKINS JOURNAL I j ] II I Collier Trophy Presented to Aircraft Head President Roosevelt presents the Robert J. Collier trophy in avia- tion for 1936 to Donald W. Douglas, head of the Douglas Aircraft com- pany of Los Angeles. The trophy is shown on the President's desk. President Roosevelt (seated) is congratulating Mr. Douglas. Charles F. Homer, president of the National Aeronautic association, is seen at left. Carillons Torn by.World War Are B Rebuilt Melodies Heard Again Over Homes in Belgium. Washington.--Melodies ring out again over rebuilt homes i Dix- mude, Belgium. A new carillon recently installed there replaces one destroyed along with practical- ly the entire town, during severe fighting in the World war. "Made of copper and tin. cart- lens have more than once been seized in war times and melted .down into cannon," says the Na- tional Geographic society. "Belgian carillons destroyed or crried away during the last war include those at Ypres, Louvain, Dinant Nieuport, Ostende, Roul.ers and Thourout, while France tos those at St. Quentin and Arras. Many of these have been recon- structed, notably the splendid ones at Ypres and Louvain, for once accustomed to a carillon's lively music, no tOWL in Europe would willingly be without it. Built Huge Towers "Carillons originated in Belgium, the Netherlands, and northeastern France. in lowlands stretching in- land from the North sea. towns built towers that soared above the surrounding plains. From them sentinels could watch for invaders REPRESENTS LEAGUE :: :=  : : = : Sean Lester is the League high commissioner in the free city of Danzig, the important seaport area (754 square miles), which was chipped from Germany bY the Ver- sailles treaty, ,His removal has been dernancedlbY Dr. Arthur Karl Greiser.president :of ;,A, " - the Nazi-con- trolled Danzig senate. The: popu- lati0n o$,'ihe free city is 95 per cent Getmafi  nd the area remasa dipl0matic Sorespot. ., or breaking dikes. At the begin- ning of the WOrld war a telephone connected the carillon tower of Brf- elle, HMland, with coast defenses. ,,As:huge clocks were added to these towers in the Fifteenth cen- tury a large bell was struck to an- nounce, the hour. Later. small bells were rung to call attention tO the striking. At their merry chiming, townsfolk swarmmg like ants in. the arketplace far below, would pause and listen for the sol- emm bdoming they kneW would fol- l,. ' . 'The small,, b1!a usually hum: berecl fOUr. Cities began to rivm each other in adding m0e and bet- ter bes untO| "brief melod':es could be played. In the Seventeenth cen- tury the present form of carillon was reached, consisting of a num- ber of bells attuned to the intervals of the chromatic scale, usually cov- ering a range of four octaves. The bells ranging in weight from a few pounds to several tons. are hung in tiers one above another. .Unlike bells which are rung by ropes and swing freely, carillon bells are usu- ally hung 'fixed,' being bolted to a framework of steel, or wood add iron. "Carillons are played either auto- matically or by a carillonneur. The few clear notes that sprinkle down from a carillon at the hour, half hour, and quarter hour, are usually played automatically by a clock- work mechanism something like a gigantic music box. Hundreds of pegs set in a huge revolving cylin- der trip levers which in turn pull wires that make hammers strike the bells. "Lange Jan" in Middel- burg, Holland, is one of the busiest of this type, playing a few notes every seven and a half minutes. Plays Like an Organ. "When keys and pedal keys con- trolling the bells are gathered to- gether in a keyboard, they form Ancient Burial Customs of French Protestants Pelters, France. -- Like India's towers of silence, where the Par- ses place their dead before they are removed to their ultimate buri- al place, so have the farming dis- tricts around Poitou and Saintonge in central France a strange burial custom. The attention of a traveler in these regions is attracted by the clumps of four cyprus trees set out in a square some twenty-five to thirty feet apart which dot the landscape. Few know that here are the pri- vate family cemeteries of the French Protestant farmers. The districts of Poitou anti Saintonge always have been the strongholds of Protestantism in France and ever since the days of Catholic persecution the Protestants have buried their dead on their farms. The people of Poitou are affable and readily permit strangers to pass through the farms to little family cemeteries which usually are situated some fifty yards be- hind the house. A space ab ut the size of a large room, enclosed with- in a thick hedge, a cyprus tree at each corner, is the last resting place of those who have laborer/ on the farm. On passing the hedgt, the travel- er finds half a dozen humble graves, a wooden cross here and there. Tombstones are rare. The cemeteries never grow in size, for the newest grave is dug in the dust of the oldest. WAR VETS' QUEEN Shapeliness and charm were the two principal attributes which won part of an instrument which a car- the title of "Miss American Le- illonneur plays like an organist, us- glen" for Betty Fulkerson of San ing both hands and feet. So stren- Diego, (shown above) when war uous is the art that many carillon- veterans recently gathered at the neurs play in track uits and san- California-Pacific International ex- dals and protect their hands with position. She will be an honored leather pads. guest of the Legionnaires during the "In the Low Countries, carillon state convention in Hollywood in concerts are frequently given on August. She is shown holding the market days, Sundays, holidays trophy she won. and certain evenings in summer. On warm nights one is apt to find traffic in cities diverted wile thou- sands congregate :in a public churches and public buildings. square, watching a glowing window Since the World war they have also far up in a tower. From i an un- been chosen for soldiers' memori- seen player floods the air with mu- als. Between 1924 and 1933 the sic. The vantage point from which United States installed over 30 car- to enjoy a carillon concert to its illons and Canada over half a doz- fullest is a quiet place about 500 en. Noted carillons in the United feet away. " States include those of the River- "Carillon towers are a delight to side church in New York City, the the eye as well as the ear, many University of Chicago, and the. Bok of them being of matcb!ess archi- Singing Tower in Florida. tectural beauty, 200 to 300 feet "St. Rombold's in Malines, Bel- high. At Amersfoort, Holland, glum, is the finest of the ancient stands one popularly called 'The carillons. At Malines also is lo- Mother and Child' because of a lit- cared the famous School of Caril- tle spire springing from the main Ion Instruction which has trained tower as if carried in arms many of the world's master caril. "Carillons have lon adorned lonneurs.' German Fichl Battery Roars Into Action In recent military maneuvers near Potsdam, Germany, new field artillery units of the, Reich's y were tested out. Lovely Liv t A Portion of Algers (Algiers) Spacious Harbor.  I'epar_ed bytleNatlonal Geographic. SocietY, collared gentlemen in red feze wasnmgon. D. C.--WNU er-ce. play" stran-eg instruments -- a  b ' ANY visitors to North guitar, a large drum called a t Africa begin their exPlO-iboui , a !ortg q, the derbrouka ration of the Dark:. i simila:"to,: an.::to-tom: tinent at Alger (Algiers), I ghaita, a sort, Of flageolet shape_ and remember it as one of thelike a doctor $ stethoscoh[; andS" loveliest ports in the world. Its perhaps a tambourine -- th. whil dazzling white buildinga clinch a they sing in nasal.:,:.,.-,:,,, terraced hillside above an amredi- To the poor native the care  bly blue, crescent-shaped bay. Be. club; a hels::::,-4im hind the hills blossoms the narrow his crust of bread, his  o fertile plain of the Mitidja, above onions, to eat there;:h "e v which tower the mighty snow-clad its benches ,0r om the pavemen Arias mountains, against its wall; andonce or twic Alger, th, White Cityl Only a a day he spends two cent  i I/tile over a century ago it was the for a cup of coffee. lair of cruel sea wolves, the blood- From the market place lead nat thirsty Algerian pirates who cap- row streets and, as in such easten lured and enslaved Europeans and cities as Cairo, Tunis, Delhi; even Americans. Tansy it is a Canton, each is lined with shop beautiful modern French city with "devoted to one trade. Down lid many Europeans among its thou- one are the tailors: In te squar sands of inhabitants, holes devoid of counters, tables, c ' Alger is kept in constant touch chairs, white-burnoosed, bearde with France by submarine cables, men resembling Biblical patriarcl: by regular postal and passenger air squat on the fl0br fii   ervice, and by daily steamers to furiously French ports. Railroads connect Workers in Brass R with points in Morocco and Tu. In the next street brass worker nisia, hammer at bright pots and Not only is Alger an important water vessels, denting patterns French naval station, but it is the to them with sharp-pointed Instru largest city in Algeria. From it ments struck wi mallets.) Tin is shipped much of the country's smiths display plies of saucepan produce. Its waterfront is lined and coffeepots. In the tiny shops w i t h merchants' warehouses, of the next crooked lane cobblers wharves piled high with merchan- stitch rapidly a the native's easy dise, and docks beside which lie red-leather slippers, or work beau large steamers, tffu] designs with g01d and silver Alger's European sectio has threaded and spangles on dainty well - built streets along which shoes for women. electric trams and automobiles Here Is breakIt' rush past theatres, hotels and at- character of the shops. Outside tractive shops. Strolling along this one a small crowd eagerly broad sidewalks sheltered by ar- watches the movements Oe youth cades, and in cafes fronting pail- sehted before a tiled e mnning shaded squares, one sees well- up into a pointed . A dressed European men and modish small table stands beside him. In French girls as well as veiled a dish he mixes a white batter, women and stately Arabs in flow- rolling it pulllng.a twO.ring it tug burnooses, with nirale finger, :then ipping The native quarter affords many it into oil and placing-i :'in the picturesque sights. At the corner stove. His hand dives in once or of a market place is an Arab coffee twice to turn the morsel. house. Outside, quattin, on the Then with tongs he draws out a pavement or seated on benches crisp, golden puff, places it on against the wall, are Arabs, Ks- small square of newspaper, thrusts byles, Negroes, men of all classes it into an eager, outstretched, palm and ages--merchants, small SlooP- and receives a coin. The buye keepers, clerks, laborers--convere, turns away'onte.:hlly munching ing volubly, playing cards, dotal- rite succulent titbit. ...... noes, draughts, or merely sit "ting . . Dazzling Whit :Msqn rotting idly, vacantly, unconscious DaZzling whi} ' "ithe! billialt. of those around them. No man en earthNeopolitan lazzarone, sunshine, the" Walls : a mosque Hindu ascetic, or Buddhist priest almost blind one by their glare. seeking Nirvana -- is capable of But enter. You pass into dark, such utter detachment from the cool shadows..into a silent interior, world as the ordinary Arab. bare and restS. Through the past centuries bearded Moslems with They Love Coffe the blood of the unbelievers red on A few of those gathered in front their hands have gathered here to of the care hold tiny cups of coffee bow down toward Mecca and beg in their hands, taste it, drink it Allah's aid in fresh erimes Yet slowly, savoring every precious they thought them meritotiotm drop of the pennyworth of fr$,grant deeds, by the truth of the Moat dark fluid. Inside, at the tiled, High! And every Friday the waist-high fireplace, the cook dips faithful come here stll, and wh0 a sntU, long-handled measura into shah sy that none Of 'them mutter the steaming copper pot resting on curses in the/r beards upon the a handful of red embers and fills Christian dogs that rule them? the cups for the bare-armed at- The crowding houses of the city tendant to take to customers seated end. Across the road 'is a ,carped on benches or huddled on mats in hitlde, with grass, gardens, and the interior of the establishment, txees. / a small open space n- The walls are scrawled with tire barbers shave the scalps of crude drawings of mosq, palm clients or squat beside their cha/r trees, tigers and elephants--these waiting for trade, while their tools last by an artist who had evidently -- razors, scissors, clippers, air- never seen either animal -- or tars -- are laid out ready on the ehromo of French presidents and ground. European royalties. This open-air toilet aloo, is a A gray-haired, wild-looking man strange Ight for the tourist, ut in rags, hung round with the skins does not gain a look from the pas small animals, strums a one- sengers in the electric tran pass- tringed guitar made from the shall ing within .a few yardS of itr Of a tortoise. He enters the cafe Suddenly one comes upon tombs and, half shambling, half dancing, and the ground falls sharpl. away. holding out a hand fat money, wan- The eye ranges over th deep val- ders among the customers. As he ley of Babel-Oust, W/t : gardens moves he sings in a high-pitched, and houses, to thebrightet-eu scars nasal voice, and the contrast be- of quarries and,Oli/ in the green l tween the eastern love song and, hillside opposite, crowned with the its ranger is strikhg.  domes of the famous church og In better estabUshment eAtuated[ Notre Dame d'Ariqu. It facU Bearer the French quarter and pat- | across the Mediterranean to its s/ [flnds a superior orchestra, tthe t [Three or ur black-coated, white-| Marseille.