Newspaper Archive of
The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
November 1, 1984     The Perkins Journal
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November 1, 1984

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i " ~ rv,J.., o --- I ne r~m~nm ournAt s nurR a,y, rqovsmber 1, 1984 The Natural Way Dr. Jeff Black Professor of Biology Oklahoma Baptist University II BLACK WIDOW Part 1 As a teacher, I am very much aware that stu- dents pick up on certain of my habits. I am well- known at OBU for wear- ing a white lab coat, car- ..... rying a coffee cup and having hair that is hard to manage and looks like it is never combed. Con- stantly drinking coffee is one of my nasty habits that I find hard to break. I recently picked up my coffee cup and looked in- to the bottom to see a spider web with a tiny spider clinging to it. Many of you know that my phobia is spiders, so a spider in my cup did not make my day. The spider and web were ~ '~ ~moved and my cup ~-~-arefully washed. Then my brain clicked into gear and the bells started to ring. I rapidly return- ed to my office and look- ed on my desk. There were tiny spider webs with tiny spiders everywhere I looked, some of them even hang- ing from the lights. I grabbed a quart jar i~ off the desk and found iI the answer to the spider i: in my coffee cup and the , spiders and webs i~ everywhere in my office. Hundreds of baby i ~, spiders had crawled out , of their egg sacs in the ~ ',-j~r and then out through the holes in the lid. It all started when I got a phone call from a local lady that had just returned from a weekend visit with her family in east Texas. Her husband had found a Black Widow spider with its egg sacs and they had coilected mother and eggs in a jar and brought them back for me. We agreed to meet at school early the next morning so that I could get the spider. It was definitely a Black Widow and a big, shiny, coal-black female with long legs and two egg sacs. The people had put holes in the lid of the jar so the spider could breathe. I looked at the holes and told myself to be sure and cover them before the baby spiders (spiderlings) came out of the light tan-colored egg sacs and escaped. You can guess the rest of the story. I did forget to cover the holes and left the j ar on my desk with just an occasional glance as I rushed past. The spiderlings escaped and I had an office occupied with hundreds of baby Black Widows. The Black Widow is probably one of the most feared and notorious of all the spiders know as "widow" spiders. There are 20. to 30 widow spiders that occur throughout the world in tropical areas. All of them are a shiny black with bright red markings and famous for their poisonous bites. At least five of these species oc- cur within the United States. It is the Western Black Widow Spider, Latrodectus hesperus, that occurs throughout Oklahoma. This black widow usually places its webs near the ground under objects, across the entrances to animal bur- rows, and even in trees and bushes. The boys A Black Widow Spider and I frequently find them under rocks as well as in rabbit and opossum burrows. Even though they have a terrible reputation, the females {males don't bite) are rather timid spiders. They will normally not bite unless they are in- jured or irritated. This usually happens when they are squeezed against the body if they moved, this causes the of an outdoor privy and spider to "think" that an that most victims are insect has become en- males. This is another trapped in the web and it reason to appreciate in- rushes to the site of the door plumbing. I have a movement and bites the lot more to tell you about object vigorously. Black Widow Spiders Hopefully I don't have to which will have to wait explain this in detail until next week and in- when it refers to the seat stallment two. HAS HAD ENOUGH SHIDLER Postmistress Audrey are hidden in clothes or when piles of rocks or' Crawford says she will lumber are moved, start locking the post of- I used to always hear rice lobby when she about the danger of black leaves at 4:30 p.m. if van- widow spider bites in the dalism there doesn't old-fashioned outdoor stop. People will not be privies. Under the seats able to check their is an ideal place for nests mailboxes from 4:45 p.m. and webs and there areuntil 8 a.m. in the morn- always lots of flies for ing if the vandalism food. Whenever the doesn't stop she spider's web is gentlypromises. FIRST CRIME WATCH MEETING PERRY --A crime watch meeting was held October 23, at the women's fair building here. Steve Bunch, with the police department, presided and spoke on ef- forts to curtail crime by enlisting mutual efforts of neighborhoods. A film was also shown. -O" THINKING IT OVER Is your mind made up? By Zoh Sample Sunday evening I sat glued to the television as did thousands of other Americans. The debate between Ronald Reagan and Walter Mondale lasted ninety minutes. The question is, did you change your mind or decide which would make the best president for the next four years? It seem- ed to me a hard decision to make when the whole world is in such a whirl and turmoil. But then I am not much of a politi- cian, nor could I see either speaker's face while they were talking. I have always liked to see the expression on folks' faces when discussing their issues.. I was somewhat in the dark, being blind, but I stuck with it throughout. Much has gone into the campaigning, and much money has been-spent combing the entire na: tion by Mondale. He is still going strong these few last days before the sixth of November, when the race will finally be over. The vote count is ex- pected to be heavy all across the nation. However, be sure to get out early and vote, using your best judgement. This is a priviledge all Americans have, and our country needs your sup- port in these trying times of strife, turmoil, strikes, and unrest. November 6 will be the day that decides who will be the commander-in- chief of our great nation. Whichever wins will have to face the dark future, trying their best to lead our nation in peace and prosperity. Their deci- sions will be hard, and very difficult. I can't see why anyone would strive so hard for the job. After such a long, strenuous campaign, they must be completely worn out before they even begin their term. It must be the natural human urge that drives them on. With space war loom- ing in the future, prob- lems with terrorists, strikes, and the everyday problems that hang over 1Tla. JOURNAL FOOD CORNER Baking soda, mixed with liquid and heated, gives off carbon diox- ide, which puffs up the mixture as it forms. It gives the cake a mild- ly acid taste, just the tartness of a lemon cake or a gingerbread. For the softer tasting cakes, baking powder is used. One level teaspoon of baking soda has ap- proximately the same raising power as that of three or four level teaspoons of baking powder. Often acid substances such as vinegar, sour milk, cream of tar- tar, tartaric acid, yogurt, even marmalade or jam are added to speed 'up the chemical reaction which frees the carbon dioxide from the bicarbonate of soda. Fats are necessary in cakes, and butter gives the best flavor. Margarine has less flavor but is quick to beat or cream. Vegetable shortenings give good light cakes, but add nothing to the taste. Oils are rarely used in cakes because they don't hold air when cream- ed or beaten. Superfine granulated sugar with small, small crystals is the best for cakes. Coarse sugar can be ground finer in a food pro- ceesor or blender. The best flour is weak flour, or household flour, often called cake four. Beware of using self-riming flour. Remember it has baling powder added so don't add more. Mrs. Jess Hedges contributes a basic recipe for white cake, and :you can see how the ingredients explained above go together to produce some sweet delicious eating! WHITE CAKE Cream together. % cup shortening 2 cups of sugar 1 tap. vanilla Sift together: 2 tap. baking soda tap. salt Add to creamed mixture alter- nately with 1 cup of water. Lastly add stiffly beaten whites of four eggs to which 1 tap. bak- ing powder has been added while heating. Fold in evenly and put in two 9-inch greased and lightly floured cake pans. Bake at 350 degrees 30 minutes. You see how it takes shape? There is the fat {shortening}, sugar, flavoring {vanilla}, the bak- ing soda, flour, steam (1 cup of water}, whites of eggs and baking powder for chemical reaction to cause rising. Here is a slightly different ver- sion by Merle Blakey, but the basic agencies for cake baking are here {fat, flavoring, liquid, sweetening, flour and rising agent}: WHITE CAKE Cream 1 cup of sugar and cup butter, add I cup sweet milk. Add 1 tap. vanilla an& 2//2 cups flour and two large tap. baking powder. Acki beaten whites of 3 eggs. Mix well and bake ih three layers. Cover with white icing. W~ would bet that Mrs. Hedges' cake would be a little lighter and fluffier than Mrs. Blakey's, but there would be lit- tle difference in the taste. We are basing this on the fact that shortening is somewhat more con- centrated than butter and would react better with the baking soda, plus the fact that Mrs. Hedges' recipe calls for four egg whites laced with baking powder, which would add umph to the shorten- ing and baking soda mixture. Yet, Mrs. Blakey's recipe would have a nice flavor because it calls for butter which has flavor, and sweet milk instead of water. Either cake would be delicious, I o but we are pointing out the that the Hedges cake would tend to stand a little taller and be slightly fluffier than the Blakey recipe. Mrs. Pauline Pierce submitted the following cake recipe that" sounds delicious and would be useful to a busy housewife: LAZY DAISY CAKE (Has frosting baked on. A help for busy days.) 2 eggs 1 cup sugar 1 cup flour tsp. salt 1 tsp. baking powder cup sweet milk 1 tablespoon shortening 1 teaspoon vanilla Beat eggs until thick. Add sugar gradually. Sift together, baking powder and salt and add to egg and sugar mixture. Bring milk to boiling point~ add shortening. Pour over first mix- ture all at one time. This makes a thin batter. Add vanilla, pour into 9xl3x2-inch pan. Bake at 375 for 25 minutes. ICING: Combine 3 tablespoons oleo or butter, V2 cup brown sugar, 1 cup coconut, and 3 tablespoons sweet cream. Spread this mixture over hot cake and brown under broiler. XXX Here are a few hints on cake baking=. Don't overbear your cake batter. Too much air in the bat- ter causes cracking. .-If you have just purchased new cake pans and are using them for the first time, grease them and place in a modera~ oven for 15 minutes to prevent burned cakes. -For a moist chocolate cake, try adding a spoonful of vinegar to the baking soda. 'Use orange juice instead of water to make a sponge cake $ Cake baking is probably the most delicate of the baking arts, and many cooks have not ever contemplated just what happens when a cake is baked. They know what the result is, but haven't given much thought as to why it results like it does. At the same time, many would- be bakers are disappointed by the results of their efforts. Cakes are made by mixing flour to a paste with eggs and liquids, flavoring the mixture and adding air or gas to make it rise while cooking. Air and gas? you ask! These are known ,as your raising agents, such as baking soda and baking powder. Without these, a cake is impossible. Gas is added to the mixture also by yeast in breadmaking, but yeast does not add to the flavor of a cake. The most efficient way of trapping air in a mixture is by folding in beaten egg whites, which contain bubbles of air. Air is also added to the mixture by sifting of flour and the creaming of fat and sugar together. Then there is steam, which is really what makes a cake rise. That is why a cake mixture is highly li- quified. As the oven grows hotter, the liquid vaporizes, the steam rises, taking the uncooked flour mixture with it. However, the steam alone is not sufficient to get an even surface on the baked cake, even though the steam is a contributing factor. Thus, we come to the chemical ingredients of cake baking, which are the baking sodas and baking powders. Baking soda is used for stronger tasting cakes such as gingerbread or chocolate cake, and cakes flavored with molasses, lemon, orange or dried fruit in 1S which the taste of the carbonate3 cups cake flour chemical reaction, and it seems more flavorful. of soda wdl be maske& .... ./.[.I...H i iii iiii. ./ii i ii ii .. ]BBI/i .i i....i .......__....iii...i.iiiii .... i ..... i ' . . the whitehouse, -it is tasks that will 'enough to age the nation. We need youngest as well as Abe Lincolns, bemuddle those who are and even older. The job will test Washingtons to the most sane mind and and deliver the healthy body, and deal We are with the spiritual soul. ingwork The leader will un- last forever. Time doubtedly need the hand quickly. of a higher power to lead dred years ago, the way in this day and bus dis age if we are to survive to of ours, and the year two thousand, today? It is Higher education is ab- than you think. solutely necessary this shoulder day and age if we are to be proud you survive in the future. It youth of our behooves our youth to next strive to help pull the ICANS future load of difficult -minded and Foliage is Beauti By Winnie Corley Have you been out in the country lately, or looked out the door? If you haven't, you should by all means. I warn you, though, one look will call for another. The trees are putting on their autumn colors; and the view becomes more spectac- ular with each passing day. Today's brilliance, in a clump of shoe- makes, keeps my mouth open in amazement long after the bushes are no longer in sight. A couple of years ago, a group from our Church boarded an old school bus and headed for the Talimina Drive between Talihina, Oklahoma, and Mena, Arkansas. That was indeed an enjoyable trip, in spite of a faulty fuel pump which had to be replaced at the Queen Wilhemina Lodge. Lucky we had several mechan- ics in the group. Although some of us were old enough to be parents and grand- parents to others; fellowship and fun span- way to the top trees where they bing. Fine willow leaves yellow; deeper hue; reddish brown seems to add from hour to hour. From where I trees at present, Chandler Lake, count seven green. very in the shadowS. enough yellow a~l son are scattered ~ the greens to each Take a close trees around yotL has a character own. Willows and graceful, the breeze; th~ stately and sofia a while I a dead tree, still firm against of time. I look with think nothing more beautiful. thought mind, "I wish would never ned the generation gaps. know it will If you ever get a Tomorrow the~ chance for a foliage tour View will take 0i~ over this highway, by all look. There will means don't miss the chance. It is built along a ridge where you c~n get a view of hills and trees for many miles any way you look. Buy why wait for that far distant time when you are free to go that far from home? You don't have to get out of Payne or Lincoln counties to go on a foliage tour. At present, the shoemakes and Vir- ginia creepers make the most brilliant splash-- shoemakes yellow blew ding into red and the Virginia creepers a brilliant crimson all the color and more which will make God didn't see the scene same. -0" REQUEST cITI C( STROUD resident attendi~~ council meeting | quested a visory would report t( and the has ty on related Citizens are about local medical charges. -O- / t Nila Burton to Marry James Planning a November wedding are Ntis Burton and James Gordon Bond, Jr. Parents of the bride-elect are Mr. and Mrs. ! R. Burton of Agra, Oklahoma. Parents of the I tive bridegroom are Mr. and Mrs. JameS Bond, St. of Agra, Oklahoma. The bride-elect is a 1983 graduate of School and is employed by the Payne of Perkins, Oklahoma. The prospective bridegroom is a 1982 Agra High School and is employed by Manufacturing Company of Oi Oklahoma. The couple will exchange wedding voWS November 2, 1984, in 7 p.m. ceremonieS Cushing General Assembly and ChurCl Firstborn with Bishop Harold Case