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The Perkins Journal
Perkins, Oklahoma
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November 13, 2003     The Perkins Journal
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November 13, 2003
 

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rm & Ranch tension Corner County Extension Educators Anderson, Agriculture Educator Stiegler, Horticulture Educator & Brett Morris, 4-H Youth Development ews of America Cow- Conference Slated for sixth annual Crossroads Cow-Calf confer- will take place Nov. 19 Cleveland County Fair- The main focus of will be practical tips and profitable for producers. sponsored by Cooperative Exten- and Cleveland Cattlemen's Asso- It will begin by holding concurrent morning ses- will spotlight and dis- atrition, fertilizer th Discussions held the sessions will center common questions those in this industry. Selk, Oklahoma State Cooperative Exten- specialist, will the afternoon session a live demonstration scoring of beef This will be followed live demonstration proper injection .dehorning and other calf Ing techniques by Dr. )atrick, OSU Coop- Extension veterinarian. will begin at 8: and is $15 at the door in advance. The fee will the cost of lunch and writ- materials that will to all participants. at the conference, par- will not only gain valu- Lhat will benefit Operations, they can also the tradeshow exhibits to win the drawing for a pair of boots and steaks. Producers interested in attending the conference can pick up a registration form at The Payne County OSU Cooperative Extension Office. Time to Supplement Cows Grazing Summer Grasses In the book "A tour on the Prairies" Washington Irving's notes for October 31, 1832, make some of the following observations, "Our horses were generally much jaded by the fatigues of traveling and hunt- ing, and had fallen away sadly for want of good pasturage" also "the late rains seemed to have washed away the nourishment from the scanty herbage that remained" and "our horses had lost flesh and strength rapidly". At the time he was making these notes Washington Irving was somewhere south of the Cimarron and Arkansas Rivers, somewhere in East Central Oklahoma, and his traveling group was about to turn back towards Ft. Gibson as a result of these and other circumstances. Today we recognize that Washington Irving's comments are due to the low nutritional value of warm season plants as they reach maturity at the end of the growing season. It is also the reason cows begin to lose condition at this time of year. Even though the forage supply is adequate and the grass appears green, it is most likely too low in protein to supply a cow's nutritional requirement. The bottom line for this dis- cussion is, if you have cows grazing bermudagrass or warm season native grass, stockpiled over the summer -- it is time to begin a winter supplementation program. Supplementation guidelines for cattle that are grazing or being fed hay are available in Extension fact sheet number 3015 available on line at http: //www.ansi.okstate.edu/exten/ beef/or by contacting the Payne OSU Cooperative Extension office. Using Wheat Pasture as a Winter Supplement for Cows and a Creep Feed for Calves Limited grazing of wheat pasture has proven to be the best and also more efficient approach for utilizing this high- quality forage with mature beef cows. Allowing her to graze on wheat pasture for one day and returning her to dry pasture grass or hay for 2 - 3 days can meet the protein requirements of a dry cow. A pattern of one day on wheat and 1 day off, should meet the protein needs of the same cow after calving. The day on wheat pasture should be defined as that amount of time required for the cow to graze her fill of wheat forage (3 - 5 hours) and not a full 24 hours. This short time on wheat allows the cow to gather adequate amounts of protein to carry her over the ensuing days on dry grass or hay. A 3 - 5 hour grazing limit helps to avoid the unnecessary loss of valuable forage due to trampling, bedding down and manure deposits. Under normal weather conditions in the fall, enough wheat forage should be accumulated by early December to supply the protein needs of about 1 to 1.5 cows per acre throughout the winter months When limit grazing is practiced. Wheat pasture creeps provide yet another alternative use of quality small grain pasture in the cow-calf operation. When dry grass pastures or haying T ZZ ZUm :,* RAILROAD YARD ,,,=. 4 112 miles south of $tlliwatr, OK on  17/ www.railroadyard,com lrl4K $41"K i:lo sJtvm Structural Pipe STORING FEED, iACitlHERT AHO IUCH lORE! BEAMS BEAMS Cl00&Save THE PERKINS JOURNAL, Thursday, November 13 2003-A5' areas areimmediatelyadjacent Deadline nears for Disaster to wheat pasture, the opportu- nity becomes available for small Loan applications grain pasture creep feeding of fall-born calves. Creep gates, placed between the cow pas- ture and wheat field, will allow calves free access to wheat forage while restricting the cows to their dry pasture win- tering area. Compared to dry wintered calves, nursing calves allowed access to quality forage of this type could improve their daily gain by .5 to .75 pounds per day. Producers who decide to use continuous grazing programs, should watch out for the pos- sibility of"grass tetany." Grass tetany will normally strike when cows are grazing small grain pastures in the early spring or late fall and the danger will tend to subside as hot weather arrives in April and May. A mineral deficient condition primarily due to calcium, and to a lesser degree to magnesium, is thought to be the major factor that triggers the disorder and nor- mally affects older cows that are nursing calves under two to three months of age. Dry cows are seldom affected. It is known that factors other than simply the magnesium content of the forage can increase the prob- ability of grass tetany. High levels of potassium in forages can decrease absorption of mag- nesium and most lush, immature forages are high in potassium. High levels of nitrogen fertil- ization have also been shown to increase the incidence of tetany although feeding protein supplements has not. Other factors such as the presence of certain organic acids in tetany- causing forages have been linked with tetany. It is likely that a combination of factors, all related to characteristics of lush forage are involved. When conditions for occur- rence of tetany are suspected, cows should be provided mineral mixes containing 12 to 15 percent magnesium oxide and be consumed at 3 to 4 ounces per day. It is best for the supplements to be started a couple of months ahead of the'period of 'tetany danger sO'dt ,pfaperine' ca lye established. Because tetany can also occur when calcium is low, calcium supplementa- tion should also be included. Risk of grass tetany can be reduced through the use of mineral supplements also containing approximately 15 percent calcium. Symptoms of tetany from deficiencies of both minerals are indistinguish- Farmers and ranchers in the following Oklahoma counties are reminded of an upcoming loan application deadline with the Farm Service Agency: Blaine, Caddo, Canadian, Cleveland, Comanche, Creek, Garfield, Garvin, Grady, King- fisher, Lincoln, Logan, Major, McClain, Noble, Okfuskee, Oklahoma, Payne, Pontotoc, Pottawatomie, Seminole, and Stephens. According to Tracy Imke, Farm Loan Manager, produc- ers in these counties have until January 12, 2004, to apply. The counties were included in a Secretarial Natural Disaster Determination due to physical and production losses caused by severe storms and tornadoes that occurred May 8 through 30, 2003. As a result of the Deter- mination, loans are available to assist farmers in recovering from physical and production losses. Farm and ranch opera- able without blood tests and the treatment consists of intra- venous injections of calcium and magnesium gluconate, which supplies both minerals. Cows grazing lush small grain pastures should be fed mineral mixes containing both calcium and magnesium. Bits of Brilliance "Never approach a bull from the front, a horse from the rear or a fool from any direc- tion." 4-H News Payne County Spring Live- stock Show Market Steer Nominations County nominations for market steers will be held on Nov. 20, at the Payne County Expo Center Sale Coliseum, from 4 p.m. till 7 p.m., those of you enrolled in the beef project should be watching your mail boxes for nomination info. If you do not receive anything please call the Extension Office so we can get a nomination form to you. New for 2004*** all market steers must be nominated at county tors who have suffered qualify- ing losses may be eligible tb FSA emergency loans to cove actual physical and production losses. Emergency loan funds ma2, be used to purchase seed, fertil- izer, fuel, and repairs. "A farme can use the money for the mosl essential operating and living costs," Imke said. To be eli-, gible for a loan, an applican h must have suffered losses as . direct result of the disaster anti be unable to obtain credit from. other sources. Loans covering', actual losses are at an interesl rate of 3.75 percent per annum The amount of the loan is deter: .mined by actual certification ot , loss less any compensation , received, repayment capacity ol the borrower, and availability of' security. Farmers and ranchers who  believe they can qualify mayl contact the County FSA Office for additional details. Oklahoma Wheat Growers Convention Set for Dec. 2 All wheat producers from across the state of Oklahoma are invited to attend the 2003 Oklahoma Wheat Growers Convention and Trade Show to be held at the Cherokee Strip Conference Center in Down- town Enid, Oklahoma on Tueay, Dec. 2. The one-day event will begin at 12 noon with the opening of the trade show and wrap up with an evening session beginning at 6: 30 p.m. featuring Cowboy Poet Joe Kreger and a delicious dinner catered by Klein's Catering of Perry, Oklahoma. The afternoon session will begin promptly at 1 p.m. with a welcome from Oklahoma Secretary of Agricul- ture Terry Peach. Following the welcome vice president of the National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) and Darren Coppock CEO of NAWG will cover current legislation impacting wheat growers and the new lqome- nominations : it" you nnt focus , litlv"nomlnafed'fortlle : : e !  Oklahoma Youth Expo. County Record Book Work- shop 4-H members new to record- keeping as well as experienced record keepers are encouraged to attend the county 4-H record book workshop which will be held on Monday, Nov. 24 at 7 p.m. in the Extension Office conference room. i Perkins Almanac High Low Rain Sunday 11/2 72 47 .02 Monday 11/3 81 68 0 Tuesday 11/4 73 68 0 Wednesday 1115 44 38 0 Thursday 11/6 40 32 0 Friday 11/7 52 29 0 Saturday 11/8 48 35 .13 Weather Information is complied by Rick Matheaon at the OSU Agronomy Research Station. a accurate petcepaom about today/s American farmer. Loft Sachau from tile Wheat Foods Council wig present "Fighting for the Image 9 f Grain Based Foods." The convention will also include the development and updating of policy for the organization and lead into another short break before the evening dinner and entertainment. The event is free to the public due to the generous sponsorship of Agripro Wheat, Farm Credit of Oklahoma, Monsanto Crop Pro- tection, Wheeler Brothers Grain Company, Bayer CropScience, Machinerylink.com, W.B. Johm ston's Grain & Seed Company Tauber Small Engine and the Oklahoma Wheat Commission. The Oklahoma Wheat Growers Association, as a member of the National Association of Wheat Growers, is a nonprofit partnership of U.S. wheat growers who, by combining their strengths, voices and ideas, are working to ensure a better future for themselves, their industry and the general public. ' We Salute the Perkin=-Tryon FFA and 4- Cody Wehr Kyle Dollins P-T 4-H Rec. Leader P-T FFA Reporter Thanks for attending the Perkins-Tryon 4-H and FFA Pork Chop Dinner & Auction Harris 66 Perkins H